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Web Designing and Mobile Friendly Websites In past, computers are used to navigate through the site and web designing was all about that. Then came laptop but basically it was also a computer only which is just portable. Both featured the same type of provisions so what was working for a desktop PC, it was working for a laptop too. Then came, browsing on the phone as the new web design tactics had something else to offer and this changed the whole game from zero to hundred. Those web pages, which were made for desktop or laptop; we're heavy and resource hungry. It wasn't a problem for computers because they could handle whatever was thrown on them. But with growing popularity, mobile phones also took a significant role in surfing the web. Now, the mobile phones were not that much of capable of lifting heavy web pages at that time. The processor was slow and the graphics memory weren't available at that time like it does today.
Today, mobile friendly pages are much essential to make a site better.
So there came a time, when with an eye to growing popularity, there was a need to make special pages for mobile phones. It was nothing but a toned down site of the heavy mother site. The mobile phones could now open the web pages without hanging and without draining too much of battery. Thus web design took a new turn where the focus was changing from desktop or laptop to mobile. Since people often prefer to surf on mobile nowadays rather than on a PC, mobile friendly pages also grew in popularity. It has also been seeing that the sites, which implemented mobile sites, were getting more and more popular than the sites which are delaying the feature integration. Search engines also started to differentiate between the main web page and mobile pages as Google boot searches differently in the main website page and mobile version of it.
Web designing is a bit tricky, brain-draining yet playful profession providing a great opportunity to showcase your creativity. It is the fastest in growing profession taking an epidemic form on the digital platform.
WHAT DOES A WEB DESIGNER DO?The web designer has to inculcate their brain cells in creating websites and it's associated applications which involve the framework, styling, layout, graphics designing of the website.
WORKLOAD OF A WEB DESIGNER:-
work on the technical aspects of graphical designing
Look at the visual functionalities of the website
Have to test the website multiple times to get to know the technical errors.
Register the website with different search engines to make it accessible to the user.
Work on marketing strategies and make the website user-friendly and compatible.
ELIGIBILITY OF A WEB DESIGNER:-
One should have a right hand in computer programming especially with HTML, WordPress, other markup languages.
Should be handy in graphic designing.
Should be creative and have the capacity of executing.
Should be flexible with the market demands and work accordingly with a team spirit.
Should be up to date with the advancing technologies and capable of pushing himself beyond limits.
Should be patient and at the same time competing with the growing use of opportunities in web field.
Should have good interpersonal and intrapersonal communication skills.
A BEAM OF HOPE WITH SCOPE:-
Web designing is getting a bigger talk on a global basis. Employment of web designing has increased across different industries - may be in IT sector, finance or public organization.
The companies are demanding that the young mass should take interest in this and have a basic qualification with vocational skills and a comparative work experience.
There is some qualification which helps in web designing -
BTEC National Diploma in art and design
SQA National certificate in IT
BTEC/SQA higher national diploma
To conclude, web designing is creating a scope for the young mass to put their step forward in the web world and grab opportunities to show wonders and gain consistency in success. It provides you wide aspects of application where nothing monotonous can rise up if you simply enjoying designing the web world.
Hypertext Markup Language revision 5 (HTML5) is markup language for the structure and presentation of World Wide Web contents. HTML5 supports the traditional HTML and XHTML-style syntax and other new features in its markup .so, here is some highlight on the shifting to a new language-HTML5.
What is New in HTML5?
The DOCTYPE declaration for HTML5 is very simple:
The character encoding (charset) declaration is also very simple:
<title>Title of the document</title>
The content of the document......
The default character encoding in HTML5 is UTF-8.
New HTML5 Elements:-
The most interesting new HTML5 elements are:
New semantic elements like <header>, <footer>, <article>, and <section>.
New attributes of form elements like number, date, time, calendar, and rangeNew graphic elements: <svg> and <canvas>.
New multimedia elements: <audio> and <video>.
HTML5 Browser Support:-
HTML5 is supported in all modern browsers.
In addition, all browsers, old and new, automatically handle unrecognized elements as inline elements.
Because of this, you can "teach" older browsers to handle "unknown" HTML elements.
The latest versions of Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera all support many HTML5 features and Internet Explorer 9.0 will also have support for some HTML5 functionality.
The mobile web browsers that come pre-installed on iPhones, iPads, and Android phones all have excellent support for HTML5.
HTML5 introduces a number of new elements and attributes that help in building a modern website. Following are great features introduced in HTML5.
New Semantic Elements − These are like <header>, <footer>, and <section>.
Forms 2.0 − Improvements to HTML web forms where new attributes have been introduced for <input> tag.
Persistent Local Storage − To achieve without resorting to third-party plugins.
WebSocket − A a next-generation bidirectional communication technology for web applications.
Server-Sent Events − HTML5 introduces events which flow from web server to the web browsers and they are called Server-Sent Events (SSE).
Audio & Video − You can embed audio or video on your web pages without resorting to third-party plugins.
Geolocation − Now visitors can choose to share their physical location with your web application.
Microdata − This lets you create your own vocabularies beyond HTML5 and extend your web pages with custom semantics.
Drag and drop − Drag and drop the items from one location to another location on a the same webpage.
HTML5 is designed, as much as possible, to be backward compatible with existing web browsers. New features build on existing features and allow you to provide fallback content for older browsers.
HTML 5 authors can use simple syntax to specify Character Encoding as follows −
All the above syntax is case-insensitive.
The <script> tag
HTML 5 removes extra information required and you can use simply following syntax −
The <link> tag
So far you were writing <link> as follows −
HTML 5 removes extra information required and you can use simply following syntax –
The following tags have been introduced for better structure −
section − This tag represents a generic document or application section. It can be used together with h1-h6 to indicate the document structure.
article − This tag represents an independent piece of content of a document, such as a blog entry or newspaper article.
aside − This tag represents a piece of content that is only slightly related to the rest of the page.
header − This tag represents the header of a section.
footer − This tag represents a footer for a section and can contain information about the author, copyright information, etc.
nav − This tag represents a section of the document intended for navigation.
dialog − This tag can be used to mark up a conversation.
figure − This tag can be used to associate a caption together with some embedded content, such as a graphic or video.
To conclude, the HTML 5 language has a "custom" HTML syntax that is compatible with HTML 4 and XHTML1 documents published on the Web, but is not compatible with the more esoteric SGML features of HTML 4.
HTML 5 does not have the same syntax rules as XHTML where we needed lower case tag names, quoting our attributes, an attribute had to have a value and to close all empty elements.
But HTML5 is coming with lots of flexibility and would support the followings −
Uppercase tag names.
Quotes are optional for attributes.
Attribute values are optional.
Closing empty elements are optional.
Web development begins with an idea of creating an interest in someone looking for some content for their personal or commercial purpose. At first, one needs a core idea of what should be the content of that specific design and for what the website is designed for. It can be a shopping site or online banking transaction or any other category. At first, one has to do some research and planning. Basically, there are some factors like strategy, content, general description, graphic and feel, resources and most importantly the targeted audience which should be precisely noted while constructing the website
Dynamic Web design
Dynamic web design applied for those web pages which shows different content based on the time, action within the page, user preferences or by an input hardware with the help of application server-side scripting. For creating a Dynamic web page we use “ASP.NET”, “SQL”,”AJAX”,”PHP” etc.
The Web Programming Triangle
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a “web browser language” which all of the web browsers understands. HTML used for creating the visual appearance of the website and describe the structure of a page using markup.
CSS is the shorted and the more used form for Cascading Style Sheets. The style sheets with style codes define in what way the HTML content would be displayed on screen, paper or in other media. CSS used to control the style and can store multiple website layouts at once. It makes possibilities better and saves a bulk load of work. To minimize the difficulties for developers W3C created CSS. Now days, CSS is supported in almost every browser. A CSS coding ends up with the semicolon & the groups associated with declaration are kept in second braces. An external style sheet is stored in CSS as a result one can change the entire appearance & design of the web site by changing an of a single file. There are three ways to insert a CSS style sheet:
- External Style Sheet
- Internal Style Sheet
- Inline Style
HTML: What it is?
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is the most popular in the context of web designing language used widely throughout the world. It is basically used for creating web pages and web-based applications. We move freely and can surf through web pages because of a medium i.e. HyperText. If web pages are compared to a building then HTML is the pillar.
A short history of HTML
Berners-Lee first created HTML in 1991. But HTML 2.0 is the first quality HTML was introduced in 1995. One of the major updates of HTML came in 1999; it is the 4.0 version of HTML. Nowadays HTML 4.01 is used all over the world and HTML-5 is the current version of its predecessor of HTML 4.01. It is basically an extension of HTML 4.01. HTML 5 was first launched in 2012.
Significance of HTML
Hypertext Mark-up Language – Here Hypertext represents the way by which these documents are mapped or networked together. HTML documents refer to those web pages we visit. So basically the available links in the web pages are called Hypertext.
HTML was created for defining several document structures like paragraphs, headings, list etc. Its main facility was to share scientific information’s. But now it is used for the sole purpose of creating web pages and designing it via different tag available.
We already know that HTML is a markup language which uses various tags to create and define a content of a web page. Angle braces are used to enclose a tag <Tag Name>.
Some basic HTML tags and their description
- <html> - This tag is used to define a HTML document. It mainly comprises document header and body.
- <head> - This tag contents other tags like <title>, <link> etc and used to represent a document header.
- <body> - This tag contents other tags like<h1>, <div>, <p> etc and represents the body of a document.
- <!DOCTYPE…> - This tag represents the type of a document and the version of HTML
- <title> - This tag is a tag inside the document header tag and used to represent the title of a document.
- <h1> - This tag is a tag inside the body tag and represent the heading of an HTML file.
- <h6> - This tag also represent HTML heading.
- <p> - This tag used to represent a paragraph.
- <br> - This tag is used to insert break of a single line.
- <hr> - This tag is used to define a change in content theme.
- <!--…--> - Used to define a comment.
Example of some professional HTML editors
- Adobe Dreamweaver
- CoffeeCup HTML Editor
- Microsoft Expression Web
HTML is one of the most established programming dialects utilized for site outlining. There are no less than 4 adaptations of HTML in the market. Before submitting the request to any website specialist, look at it and if specialized personnel utilized by him/her are master at HTML.
On the special chance that the organization isn't perfect with the learning of HTML, you can't anticipate it from them. It will be flawless with different languages since information of HTML shapes the premise of other programming dialects.
You should simply locate a decent web host and transfer the HTML code. We at long last have an amazing HTML! Website architecture moves toward the end of the day.
Digital medium is much more suspect to technological shift than its print predecessors. Around here things change pretty quickly. Mobile friendly web designing was the trend in 2017. Mobile first designing principle will dictate terms in 2018. Besides mobile quotient there will be more changes too. Desktop based designing needs to evolve to stay relevant in upcoming mobile monopoly. Listed below are some of the trends to expect in 2018.
Mobile first approach: Traffic trends across devices have shifted in web space. Majority of the traffic will come from mobile devices rather desktops. Web designing would eventually ditch the larger screens to greater extent. Space economical items such as icons will be used more than ever and understandably mobile users will be familiar with them.
Oversaturated colors: 2018 will be the year for abundance of colors. Viewers can experience some vibrant colorscape they didn’t know existed. Designers can go bold to choose outside web safe colors. Headers may accompany sharp angles and slashes. The screens today have the caliber to present richer colors. Clashing colors would suit the immediate branding requirements.
Larger than life, typography: You can’t overlook the fact that text sets tone on the website silently. High resolution screens on mobile makes it an easy and sharp reading. It is safe to expect much more usage of custom fonts. Typography has to go bigger and bolder. Larger text improves UX and makes your viewers to stay longer in your website.
Cute smaller animations: Transition from static web layouts to animations will happen. These small and cute animations encourage user interaction. It sweetens the user experience on your web front. You can see these little animations while the website is loading or logging a user in. It can also be employed in scrolling and navigation.
Asymmetrical layout: Symmetry is something to be considered important. Nonetheless it doesn’t hurt to go a bit experimental. Asymmetrical web layouts have already graced World Wide Web with its presence. Brands can use this approach to create unique experiences for viewers. Combined with broken layouts, asymmetry can produce its bit of magic.
Custom illustrations: Hasn’t custom illustrations got into practice already? Yes. But still, there is a lot to explore in this area. It gives that versatile platform for adding a friendly and playful element. Seasoned artists have a lot to give through this form of media. They can do it tailored to brand’s essence. There is always an illustration to match your style.
Summing it up…
2018 will do a lot of mix and match with trends. Web designers will juggle with bright colors, cool looking text, integrated animation and more. Mobile first approach seems to be the mantra for now.